The Titanic sank because it hit an iceberg on the night of April 14. The ship was traveling from Southampton, England, to New York City, USA, on its maiden voyage, and was considered to be unsinkable due to its advanced design and safety features. However, when the Titanic struck the iceberg, the impact caused a series of holes in the ship’s hull, which allowed water to flood in and eventually caused the ship to sink.
There were several contributing factors that led to the disaster, including the ship’s high speed, the lack of binoculars for the lookout crew, and the failure to respond quickly to the iceberg warning. Additionally, the ship did not have enough lifeboats for all of its passengers and crew, which resulted in many people losing their lives.
The sinking of the Titanic was a tragedy that led to significant improvements in ship safety regulations, such as the requirement for ships to carry enough lifeboats for all passengers and crew, and the establishment of an international ice patrol to warn ships of potential iceberg dangers.